Arts/Literature

Nick Hornby’s Songbook: the sound of music talking

We all love music; Nick Hornby shows us that some of us can talk about our love for it more lucidly than others…

Songbook by Nick Hornby (image courtesy Goodreads)

I had promised myself I wouldn’t buy any more books until I’d gotten through those on the 2014 reading list (and the updated 2014 reading list) and the soon to be further updated 2014 reading list read. This was my solemn vow, my stern dedication, my forthright resolution.

I have already fallen short of the glory. Vow, dedication, resolution – in pace requiscat, as Mr. Poe once said….

Lea and I had to be in the city (well, our nearest city) for some appointments, both medical and professional a couple of days ago. We had to be there early, and since it’s a two hour drive, that means we had to leave our home in the lovely NC mountains very early. My usual habit is to take along a book or two so that while waiting for appointments I can read and further feed my addiction to beauty and truth. You can guess what happened: leaving at that early hour, I had travel mug of coffee in hand but the other hand, alas, held no book.

To remedy that situation, after our first appointment we stopped by our favorite used book store. And I bought another book. It’s a book I’ve been wanting to read for a while now since finally reading this writer’s work for the first time last year (I actually have more of his stuff on the shelf, but I was holding off for – I don’t know, the 2015 reading list?). Nick Hornby’s Songbook is a compilation of essays on a really wide variety of pop songs (and something I love about this book is that Hornby casts the widest possible net in his use of the term “pop”; it’s a net that captures artists ranging from Led Zeppelin to Nelly Furtado, from Suicide to Richard and Linda Thompson, from Röyskopp to Patti Smith.

The man has eclectic tastes.

There are two important points I’d make about this book. The first is that Hornby’s generous view of music leads him to defend – well, sometimes, the indefensible. His defenses are always thoughtful and sometimes clever – for example, he makes no bones about the fact that the album from which the Nelly Furtado song he writes about, “I’m Like a Bird,” is otherwise uninspired – and uninspiring. His argument that the album is worth it for the one track feels a little strained, especially when he offers the argument that “I’m Like a Bird” will become no more tiresome than, say, “The Moonlight Sonata.” I get the point he’s trying to make, that pop music is an art form and that any art form may become tired – but maybe the above comparison tends too much toward metaphor, for me at least, given that the only thing I can find comparable between those two works is that both are music. I understand the “ear worm” phenomenon perfectly well, but there are (or should be) limits….

In the case of his inclusion of “Frankie Teardrop” by Suicide, he uses his discussion of the song (a depressing industrial music tale of lost hope and murder/suicide) to explain why he has decided never to listen to the song again as a taking off point for explaining how his musical tastes have changed as he’s grown older:

‘All these years later and Suicide still feels like a shot in the head,’ an enthusiastic reviewer remarked when their first album was re-released…however, I have come to the conclusion that I don’t want to be shot in the head, and so I will avoid any work of art that seeks to re-create that particular experience for me…some of us, as we get older, simply find that we don’t have that much courage to spare anymore. Good luck to you if you have, because it means that you have managed to avoid more or less everything that life has to throw at you, but don’t try to make me feel morally or intellectually inferior.

That last clause sums up my feelings about the people who belittle my dislike of Pink Floyd pretty well.

Hornby waxes eloquent about Aimee Mann‘s work (who was having quite a vogue about the time he wrote Songbook). One point he makes about her songwriting, a point that applies to all songwriting, bears mention: “…music is such a pure form of self-expression, and lyrics, because they consist of words, are so impure, and songwriters, even great ones…find that, even though they can produce both, words will always let you down.” (italics mine) That’s a potent statement – and especially so since it comes right after Hornby’s confession that if he could write songs he’d never have written books.

I mention this point because it illuminates how Nick Hornby listens to music – he’s a “music first” listener. A song’s instrumentation – or its beat – or some other aspect of its musicality – will engage him before – and likely more than – its lyrical content. That might seem strange since he’s to all appearances a “word guy” – but it’s not, really. Many, probably most people are drawn to the music rather than the words. That also explains a lot about the wonderful – and terrible – tastes people display in musical choices when one thinks about it.

The second point that I want to make about Songbook is that it reveals that Hornby thinks about music as a fan does rather than as a musician does. That might be best illustrated in his essay about a song by a band (and here Hornby reveals one of, to me, his most trying and most endearing traits – his taste for the obscure in music/bands, certainly a trait shared by hipsters everywhere) called The Bible that is a fine example of a band that is, and will likely remain, obscure – and the more loved for it. He’s aware of his penchant, however, and has thought through the problem of why some bands simply don’t “take off” quite lucidly:

Pop snobs always think that the bands that they love have been treated unfairly, that their failure is evidence of a tasteless, ignorant, and tone-deaf world, but the truth is that invariably these bands are too quiet, too anonymous, too ugly, too smart, and they’ve spent too much time listening to Chris Bell or The Replacements or Bill Evans instead of dressing up, taking drugs, trying out makeup, and picking up fourteen-year-olds; I may prize the songwriting craft of Paddy McAloon over the vulgarity of Eminem, but it would be stupid to pretend that I don’t know why Eminem is the bigger star.

In this same essay Hornby also covers being friends with musicians (it’s how he became a fan of The Bible) and the bias about their music that results, for good or ill, in bad reviews for good artists and good reviews for bad. It is a real problem – and it’s good to see Hornby so honest about it. Would that all music critics (Hornby served for a time as popular music critic [rock] at The New Yorker) were so inclined towards openness about their process.

There are a couple of other points that Hornby covers in this collection that deserve note. One is in the essay on the chill-out musical ensemble Röyskopp. He became enamored of one of their tunes, “Röyskopp’s Night Out,” only to have it ruined for him because the band had managed to get it onto numerous compilations and so he heard the song at stores, hotels – everywhere, it seemed. As he notes, “It had become a cliché…and I couldn’t bring myself to play it again.” The ubiquity of pop music, Hornby argues, has been its enemy; when one hears it everywhere, it loses its impact and becomes just like the Muzak that was once derived from it: background noise. Then there are his comments on those who simply use their computers to sample other artists and create mash-ups and the like: “this way allows those of us who have no talent but love our music to create something great…finally, the true genius that is fandom has been recognized.” One wants to believe Hornby’s tongue is firmly in his cheek, but that’s not entirely clear. He is, after all, a fan himself.

Finally, there’s this thought, an appropriate one to close with:

There is an argument that says that pop music, like the novel, has found its ideal form, and in the case of pop music it’s the three or four minute verse/chorus/verse song. And, if this is the case, then we must learn the critical language that lets us sort out the good from the bad, the banal from the clever, the fresh from the stale…the next Lennon and McCartney are probably already with us; it’s just that they won’t turn out to be bigger than Jesus. They’ll merely be turning out songs as good as “Norwegian Wood” and “Hey Jude,” and I can live with that.

So say we all, Nick. So say we all….

5 replies »

  1. Fascinating. I think I’m a lot like Hornby. For one thing, I’m a music first guy, too. Odd, being as I’m a sometimes lyricist and former poet, huh? Also, I have always struggled with reviewing the music of my friends’ bands when they’re a little off. This isn’t often a problem – if people aren’t talented I tend not to pursue relationships with them. But still, even really great artists have off days. And what about when a CD is pretty good, but the last one was clearly better? I have wrestled with this, and it’s as good a reason as any why I’m very clear about the fact that I am NOT a reviewer.

    • That first confession – that you’re a “music first” guy – I already knew well. In fact, I removed a reference to you as an example of that kind of listener in revising this piece because it wandered a bit too far off track. It was good (well, useful) in its own right – so maybe I’ll do a piece on that topic (word v. music oriented listeners) as a stand alone from this – which is, after all, a critique of Nick Hornby’s book.

      The second issue you mention – reviewing work by friends/fellow artists – is what I was trying to get Galenson to think about in my comments to him on the “plagiarism” piece. Friends – and foes – are to be made use of, as Pope reminds us. But one has to use some discernment in deciding if what a friend or foe says is helpful, muddled, or simply meant to undercut. We’ve both spent time in the shark tank that is the CW program workshop. The same problem of assessing and using critique there applies in all our relations with other artists.

      As reviewers/critics (though I’m not sure the latter exist anymore in any real sense thanks to literary/cultural theorists – they’ve done all they can to make actually talking about a piece of art’s meaning or value – hell, talking about an actual piece of art – recherche). Though I must say, I think giving an honest, informed opinion on an issue like how one work (such as a new album) compares to a previous one by the same artist is perfectly legit – and anyone who takes umbrage at an expressed preference does so unfairly. I don’t really see myself as a reviewer. I tend to be more an old school sort of litcrit guy in my approach. And my hope is that artists I critique in my pieces realize that I’m offering them serious respect by comparing their work not just to their previous efforts but to the achievements of even the “greatest” in their fields. So when I say ” it seems to me that this is what a YA novel ought to be” for example, I mean this compares with the best YA has to offer.

      Luckily, like you, I avoid developing relationships with artists whose work I know I can’t respect. That makes life easier. We’re agreed on that.

      • That first confession – that you’re a “music first” guy – I already knew well.

        I wonder how this happens. I mean, I get how it can be the case for a lot of people. But for a writer? I mean, that makes not a lick of sense.

        The music landscape would be a very different animal if everybody was word-driven, though. There have been a lot of big selling records with great music and downright embarrassing lyrics, but how many have there been that were the opposite?

  2. Well, there’s Dylan – and maybe Lorne Greene’s “Ringo” or Jimmy Dean’s “Big Bad John.” But those latter ones are not so much conventional songs as narrative poems told with a musical background.

    As for why it’s music first with some and not others, beats me. I’m on the fence – sometimes it’s music, sometimes words that get me. You may notice that, too, although I think one is primarily one or the other.

    There are certainly some songs that have both great music and lyrics (the American Songbook is full of them – writers like Cole Porter, the Gershwin brothers, et. al.).

    An interesting case like Shel Silverstein would be a good study. There’s a guy who wrote both “A Boy Named Sue” and “Cover of the Rolling Stone” among other tunes. But again, anomalies.

    Maybe all those teen girls on Bandstand got it right – if it has a beat and you can dance to it, that’s a lot. But, remember, they gave “She Loves You” an 80-85. So they’re not completely reliable.

  3. Nelly Furtado’s album “Whoa, Nelly!” is definitely not uninspired. It has amazing songs like “Turn off the light”, “…On The Radio”, “Party”, “Scared of You”, “Onde Estas”, “Legend”, etc. The melodies are unusual and thus people who don’t listen to music of different cultures and restrict themselves to North American and British records, might not be able to connect to it. So the album is absolutely stunning but not for the narrow minded.

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