Old Kinderhook, 150 years later

I’ve been passing by the highway exit for the Martin Van Buren National Historic Site, outside Albany, NY, for the better part of four decades, shuffling back and forth between family in western Pennsylvania and family in Maine. I keep saying, “I’m gonna stop there someday”—and this morning, Tuesday, July 24, I decided today would be the day.

And by sheer coincidence, it happened to be the 150th anniversary of Van Buren’s death.

History geek-gasm!

Van Buren’s presidency often gets overlooked, following on the heels, as it does, of Andrew Jackson’s. It doesn’t help, either, that Van Buren kicked off a twenty-four-year string of one-term presidencies that didn’t end until Abe Lincoln got reelected in 1864. He wasn’t part of the Virginia Dynasty, and his last name wasn’t Adams, so he’s really the first easy-to-forget president we’ve had.

One could make a credible argument, though, that Jackson’s presidency would not have happened without Van Buren’s masterful political maneuverings behind the scenes. He wasn’t called “the Little Magician” for nothing.

The Red Fox built a career starting as an Albany-area attorney; from there, he became a New York state senator, the state’s attorney general, a U.S. senator, New York’s governor, U.S. secretary of state, vice president, and ultimately president. While in office, as legend has it, he initialed documents with a shortened version of another of his nicknames, “Old Kinderhook,” and thus “O.K.” evolved into “okay,” which might be his most enduring legacy.

It’s worth noting, too, that Van Buren was the first American president actually born as an American—on December 5, 1782, just six years after independence. He’s the first president who didn’t come from English or Irish descent; as the son of a Dutch family, English wasn’t even his first language. In 1807, he married Hannah Hoes, a childhood sweetheart who’d grown up with him in Kinderhook. They had five children, but Hannah died after only a dozen years of marriage. He never remarried. During his time in the White House, his daughter-in-law, Angelica—wife of his oldest son, Abraham—served as first lady.

Van Buren failed in his reelection bid because of an economic slump caused by overzealous credit speculation by banks. It was the worst economic depression in America’s history up to that point, and not even the establishment of an independent treasury could save him. In 1848, he failed in a third-party bid for the presidency as the candidate for the Free Soil Party, which his son John had helped found.

The change in allegiance was a big deal for the Little Magician, who had helped found the Democratic Party that then propelled Jackson and, later, Van Buren into the White House. His opposition to the expansion of slavery put him at odds with his own party, triggering the eventual third-party run.

By 1860, in declining health, Van Buren keenly watched the unfolding crisis as Southern states began to secede in the wake of Lincoln’s election. Van Buren had played a key role as part of Jackson’s inner circle in stopping a secession crisis triggered by South Carolina in the late eighteen twenties.

The newest crisis triggered civil war in Van Buren’s house before it triggered fighting on the battlefield. His daughter-in-law Angelica had originally hailed from South Carolina (and also happened to be a cousin to former First Lady Dolly Madison, who had fixed her up with Abraham). As tensions mounted between North and South, tensions mounted in the Van Buren household, and Abraham and Angelica left the premises for a while. As Van Buren’s health deteriorated, though, the family patched things up.

Dependent on his family for news about the war in a year when the Union didn’t fare so well, Van Buren remained satisfied that the North would achieve victory—but only because his son and daughter-in-law avoided the question, fudged the truth, or lied outright to him. Van Buren died on July 24, 1862 convinced the Union he’d once led would remain preserved.

I stood only a foot and a half from the bed Van Buren died in a century and a half ago today. On the bed lies a hickory walking stick—a gift from Old Hickory himself—silver-tipped and engraved, with silver-capped knots that bear the letters to spell out “Andrew Jackson.”

At the Dutch Reformed Cemetery on the far side of the village of Kinderhook, an obelisk stands at Van Buren’s gravesite. It’s been landscaped with flowers and tall fronds of tufted grass. Someone has planted a flag, and someone else has left a wreath bedecked in red, white, and blue.

Van Buren would want to know that his Union was doing all right. I would tell him so, even if it meant stretching the truth a little in Abraham-and-Angelica fashion. On this of all days, Old Kinderhook should rest easy. Things, I would tell him, are okay.


10 replies »

  1. Nice piece, Chris…a good series might be one devoted to each of those “one termers.” I, for one, would like to know more about them….

  2. Thanks, Jim. It’s always fun to find new places to explore, so I’m sure I’ll collect more of those one-term guys as I go. I have plans to hit up Franklin Pierce in the coming months because I’ll be spending some time in New Hampshire.

    I wrote just a tad about Benjamin Harrison the other day at Emerging Civil War:

    Last fall, I wrote a little about Garfield:

    They both come from the Guilded Age-era of one-termers, of course, not the first stretch, but you might dig reading about ’em.

    Thanks again for the kind words!

  3. When my kids were growing up and we did the usual family trips that families do, we sort of accidentally ended up spending time with a number of second string presidents. Most of it was at Calvin Coolidge’s birthplace in Vermont, not that far from where we summered for a couple of years, which is a magical place, and explains a lot about Coolidge. We used to got there for picnics. But we also managed to hit Wheatland, James Buchanan’s home in Pennsylvania, and even managed to get to the Andrew Johnson National Historic site in Tennessee on one trip–the Cherokee trip to Georgia, as I recall. This would have fit right in! Thanks.

  4. This is a great article!!! I just have one correction about O.K. Martin Van Buren did have the nickname Old Kinderhook but he never signed or initialed anything O.K., the word okay actually comes from a phrase ol korrect, which was in use during MVB’s life time, if anything it was re-popularized with election of 1840, when President Van Buren was running for re-election to a second term. Other than that I think the article is fantastic and thanks for stoping by the Martin Van Buren National Historic Site!

  5. Hi, Sean. Thanks for the kind words and for the clarification on “O.K.” I’d heard the “O.K.” story in a couple places but couldn’t find any documentation, so that’s why I stuck with “as legend has it” because I know how apocryphal such tales can be. I do some work at FRSP, and there’s a story the circulates about Gen. Joe Hooker that’s similar: people attribute the word “hooker” to Fighin’ Joe because he supposedly had so many camp ladies following his army. While Hooker DID manage a red-light district at one point, the word “hooker” existed before it had any association with Fightin’ Joe, but popular imagination can’t be overcome. Glad to have some authoritative guidance on Van Buren!

  6. Wuf, I grew up in Hershey and still have family around that area, but I’ve never made it to Buchanan’s place. I still hope to get there someday, though. With as much time as I’ve spent tooling around VT, you’d think I’d have made to to Coolidge’s, too, but alas, not yet. Someday, I’m sure. Thanks for sharing your adventures!

  7. Another correction regarding the MVB candidacy for the Free Soil Party. The Party was due to the efforts of his son John not Smith Thompson.