Arts/Literature

The functional as art

ArtSunday

Quicker-clickerWhen we think of art, we don’t generally think about the functional pieces of our lives. I wouldn’t claim that my grubby Levis – torn, covered in dried paint and stained with automobile grease and ground-in grass – are art, for example. But as our “What’s it Wednesday” feature has shown, everyday functional objects can be made into art by the perspective of a photographer or an artist looking to create art, but does that mean that the object itself was art? Perhaps, but probably not.

But sometimes functional objects are art. The most common example is architecture – eminently functional, but created to be beautiful or disturbing or awesome or weird, depending on the desires of the architect and the customer. Still, most people wouldn’t consider something as mundane as an automatic pencil as art. Allow me to broaden your mind.

The automatic pencil at right is mine. It’s a Pentel PD345 QuickerClicker with 0.5 mm diameter lead in blue (originally available in gray as well), and I use it nearly every day I’m at work and I had to repair it recently with SuperGlue. It’s one of three or four that I’ve had since I discovered them during my undergraduate studies between 1991 and 1995, and there’s a decent chance that it’s older than my relationship with my wife. And it is a functional work of art, although of a type of art that most people don’t understand.

At first glance, there’s nothing special about the QuickerClicker. It’s a tube of blue plastic with an eraser and a clip. But as with any art, there is so much more.

First, the pencil body is slightly flared at the bottom, where you grip it. The slight flaring makes it more ergonomic and comfortable to hold, but without requiring a NEAR-G (Nasty Evil Annoying Rubber GripTM).

Second, the clip is metal, not plastic, so it lasts through years of being fiddled with instead of snapping off in the middle of meeting, flying across the table, and smacking your customer in the forehead. And the clip fastens to the back of pencil, protecting the pencil’s plastic body from the rigors of erasing and reducing the chance that the pencil will snap or bend.

Third, the eraser is 1/4 inch across, not a mere 1/8 inch like most other automatic pencils. The eraser is therefore big enough not to snap off while erasing large jobs but fine enough to erase a single error in six pages of algebra written on a quadrille engineering tablet. The eraser is held into the body of the pencil with a metal clip that holds the eraser tight but also allows for easy replacement.

Fourth, the pencil’s point is easily unscrewed to allow you to clean out the tip if you’ve got a jam, but it doesn’t come untwisted on its own.

Fifth, the pencil lead is held in a compartment that is large enough hold dozens of leads, not five or six like most automatic pencils hold before jamming. This is because most automatic pencils store their lead in a small cylinder inside the pencil’s body that is roughly the same size as a ballpoint pen. The QuickerClicker’s lead area is the full diameter of the pencil body.

And finally, the advancement mechanism is located in the body of the pencil, nearly underneath where you’d normally rest your thumb, instead of up in the top of the pencil with the eraser. It’s this mechanism that enables the larger eraser and the QuickerClicker’s ability to store so much lead.

Combined, these attributes mean that the QuickerClicker is an object with clean lines, that efficiently performs its functions, and meets the user’s need for a quality writing utensil. It’s a well engineered tool, but that’s only partly what makes it a work of art.

All engineering disciplines that I’m familiar with are roughly equal parts creativity and science. And as with any creative endeavor, there’s an art to engineering a good product. It takes a firm understanding of what the customer wants and needs, the palette of materials and components available, and the tools that make the job possible. In many ways, an electrical engineer “paints” his art with op amps and microprocessors, or he “sculpts” his circuit boards with epoxy, fiberglass, and copper plate. If you work long enough in a large engineering organization, you begin to learn to detect the “brushstrokes” of another engineer’s work in the designs you see. In this case, you can see the artistry that went into creating the QuickerClicker

The most significant problem with calling the QuickerClicker, or any other functional object, “art” is the intent of the object’s creator. I doubt that the engineer or engineers who created the QuickerClicker intended it to be art, unlike a photographer or painter or sculptor. And so, perhaps it is not truly art in the same, intended sense. But if we define art instead as “that which broadens our minds and enables us to better understand and perceive reality,” then my old and worn automatic pencil is art.

I challenge each of you to look into your lives and find the things that you overlook all the time and try to appreciate them with new eyes. You may not conclude, as I have, that they qualify as art. But you’ll have a better appreciation for them.

Image Credit:
Jennifer Angliss

7 replies »

  1. I think that functional and well made can equal art. It depends how one defines “art”; at its most broad i would say that art = transcendence. I can doodle a character, but it isn’t art. Writing is mundane–producing a thought in words, but the good writer transcends the mundane and produces art.

    I have no trouble seeing some automobiles as works of art, not only in their visual presentation but the entire package of idea to execution. If the engineering isn’t art, it is at least artistic. I’ll argue with anyone that a Mercedes Benz 300 SL is art from top to bottom and front to back.

    Of course i’m a form follows function kind of guy, though many people define “art” as form without concern for function. So for me, Brian’s thesis rings true. I think he feels about that pencil the way i feel about my truck, and i often consider that art. It isn’t just functional and well made, but both to the point of being far superior to any other thing like it. That makes something like a pencil art.

    The Platonic form like, if you will. Or maybe just artisanal. We’d be better off if we had a higher percentage of things that approached art and appreciated them as such.

  2. Can one still buy this marvel of a pencil? I love the feel of writing with graphite but cannot seem to find an automatic pencil that lasts more than a short while. In fact, most of them break before they are even out of “lead.”

    I am an ardent fan of the practical as art. Practical items are not always pretty, but life doesn’t get any better than when delightful form meets effective function.

    • Karen – Click on the “Pentel PD345 QuickerClicker” link above – that takes you to the Pentel website where you can buy them. I just bought five myself, because they went out of stores years ago but are either being manufactured again or moved to online-only purchases. Googling QuickerClicker will turn up other sites where you can supposedly buy these as well.

      Wufnik – even after the pencil went away, I’ve been able to find the erasers all over the place. Pretty much every office supply store has them, or did the last time I needed to buy them – my employer has been able to order them from office supply catalogs every time I needed them. It’s the Pentel PDE-1 refill.

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